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Selected BABL Publications

For a complete list of publications from the BABL, please click here and here


  1. Sandoval, I. K., Ngoh, G., Wu, J., Crowley, M. J., & Rutherford, H. J. (2023). EEG coherence before and after giving birth. Brain Research, 148468.

  2. Rutherford, H. J., Yatziv, T., Vess, M., & Brooker, R. J. (2023). Envisioning motherhood: Mental‐state language in caregiving narratives across the perinatal period. Infant Mental Health Journal, 44(2), 218-227.

  3. Penner, F., Wall, K. M., Guan, K. W., Huang, H. J., Richardson, L., Dunbar, A. S., ... & Rutherford, H. J. (2023). Racial disparities in EEG research and their implications for our understanding of the maternal brain. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 23(1), 1-16.

  4. Orchard, E. R., Rutherford, H. J., Holmes, A. J., & Jamadar, S. D. (2023). Matrescence: lifetime impact of motherhood on cognition and the brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.


  1. Wall, K. M., Dell, J., Lowell, A., Potenza, M. N., Mayes, L. C., & Rutherford, H. J. (2022). Current Substance Use and Maternal Neural Responses to Infant Faces and Cries. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-16.

  2. Yatziv, T., Simchon, A., Manco, N., Gilead, M., & Rutherford, H. J. (2022). Parental mentalizing during a pandemic: use of mental-state language on parenting social media before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Clinical Psychological Science, 10(6), 1129-1150.

  3. Penner, F., Bunderson, M., Bartz, C., Brooker, R. J., & Rutherford, H. J. (2022). Emotion regulation strategies and perceived stress during pregnancy in expectant mothers and fathers. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 1-14.

  4. Ngoh, G., Wu, J., Potenza, M. N., Mayes, L. C., & Rutherford, H. J. (2022). Exploring resting frontal EEG and reflective functioning in maternal substance use. Infant Mental Health Journal, 43(4), 519-532.

  5. Peoples, S. G., Lowell, A. F., Bunderson, M., Bartz, C., Yip, S. W., & Rutherford, H. J. (2022). The effects of prenatal stress on neural responses to infant cries in expectant mothers and fathers. Developmental Psychobiology, 64(5), e22280.

  6. Penner, F., & Rutherford, H. J. (2022). Emotion regulation during pregnancy: a call to action for increased research, screening, and intervention. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 25(2), 527-531.


  1. Lowell, A. F., Dell, J., Potenza, M. N., Strathearn, L., Mayes, L. C., & Rutherford, H. J. (2021). Adult attachment is related to maternal neural response to infant cues: an ERP study. Attachment & Human Development, 1-18.

  2. Rutherford, H. J., Bunderson, M., Bartz, C., Haitsuka, H., Meins, E., Groh, A. M., & Milligan, K. (2021). Imagining the baby: Neural reactivity to infant distress and mind-mindedness in expectant parents. Biological Psychology

  3. Rutherford, H. J., Kim, S., Yip, S. W., Potenza, M. N., Mayes, L. C., & Strathearn, L. (2021). Parenting and Addictions: Current Insights From Human Neuroscience. Current Addiction Reports, 1-9.

  4. Yatziv, T., Vancor, E. A., Bunderson, M., & Rutherford, H. J. (2021). Maternal Perinatal Anxiety and Neural Responding to Infant Affective Signals: Insights, Challenges, and a Road Map for Neuroimaging Research. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.



  1. Bunderson, M., Diaz, D., Maupin, A., Landi, N., Potenza, M. N., Mayes, L. C., & Rutherford. H. J. V. (2020) Prior reproductive experience modulates neural responses to infant faces across the postpartum period, Social Neuroscience

  2. Martin, R. C. B., Bridgett, D. J., Mayes, L. C., & Rutherford, H. J. V. (2020). Maternal working memory, emotion regulation, and responsivity to infant distress. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 71, 1012

  3. Bunderson, M., Armstrong, K., Mayes, L. C., McCrory, E. J., Thompson-Booth, C., & Rutherford, H. J. (2020). Facial recognition during early motherhood: Investigating the persistence of age and affect biases. Acta Psychologica, 210, 103136.

  4. Lowell, AF, Maupin, AN, Landi, N, Potenza, MN, Mayes, LC, & Rutherford, HJV. Substance use and mothers’ neural responses to infant cues. Infant Mental Health Journal, 41 (2), 2020.

  5. Rutherford, HJV, Yip, SW, Worhunsky, PD, Kim, S, Strathearn, L, Potenza, MN, & Mayes, LC. Differential responses to infant faces in relation to maternal substance use: An exploratory study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 207, 107805, 2020.



  1. Rutherford, HJV, Potenza, MN, Mayes, LC, & Scheinost, D. The application of connectome-based predictive modeling to the maternal brain: Implications for mother–infant bonding. Cerebral cortex, bhz185, 2019.

  2. Schultheis, AM, Mayes, LC, & Rutherford, HJV Associations between Emotion Regulation and Parental Reflective Functioning. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 1-11, 2019.

  3. Byrne, SP, Mayo, A, O'Hair, C, Zankman, M, Austin, GM, Thompson-Booth, C, McCrory, EJ, Mayes, LC, & Rutherford, HJV. Facial emotion recognition during pregnancy: Examining the effects of facial age and affect. Infant Behavior and Development, 54, 108-113, 2019.

  4. Maupin, AN, Rutherford, HJV, Landi, N, Potenza, MN, & Mayes, LC. Investigating the association between parity and the maternal neural response to infant cues. Social Neuroscience, 14(2), 214-225, 2019.

  5. Rutherford, HJV & Mayes, LC. Parenting stress: A novel mechanism of addiction vulnerability. Neurobiology of Stress, 100172, 2019.

  6. McKay, ER, Rosinski, L, Mayes, LC, Rutherford, HJV, & Bridgett, DJ. Maternal positive responses to a distressed infant simulator predict subsequent negative affect in infants. Infant Behavior and Development, 101299, 2019.

  7. Rutherford, HJV. The infant simulator: A novel approach for the measurement of parenting. Infant Behavior and Development, 56, 101348, 2019.

  8. Rutherford, HJV, Maupin, AN, Mayes, LC. Parity and neural responses to social and non-social stimuli in pregnancy. Social Neuroscience, 14(5), 545-548.

  9. Rutherford, HJV, Xu, J, Worhunsky, PD, Zhang, R, Yip, SW, Morie, KP, Calhoun, VD, Kim, S, Strathearn, L, Mayes, LC, & Potenza, MN. Gradient Theories of Brain Activation: a Novel Application to Studying the Parental Brain. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports 6 (3), 119-125.


  1. Rutherford, HJV, Crowley, MJ, Gao, L, Francis, B, Schultheis, A, & Mayes, LC. Prenatal neural responses to infant faces predict postpartum reflective functioning. Infant Behavior and Development, 2018.

  2. O’Hara, C, Armstrong, K, & Rutherford, HJV. The potential utility for massage therapy during pregnancy to decrease stress and tobacco use. International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork: Research, Education, & Practice, 2018.

  3. Rutherford, HJV, Byrne, SP, Crowley, MJ, Bornstein, J, Bridgett, DJ, & Mayes, LC. Executive functioning predicts reflective functioning in mothers. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27 (3), 944-952, 2018.

  4. Maupin, AN, Rutherford, HJV, Landi, N, Potenza, MN, & Mayes, LC. Investigating the association between parity and the maternal neural response to infant cues. Social Neuroscience, 1-12, 2018.



  1. Rutherford, HJV, Byrne, SP, Austin, GM, Lee, JD, Crowley, MJ, & Mayes, LC. Anxiety and neural responses to infant and adult faces during pregnancy. Biological Psychology, 125, 115-120, 2017.

  2. Rutherford, HJV, Maupin, AN, Landi, N, Potenza, MN, & Mayes, LC. Current tobacco-smoking and neural responses to infant cues in mothers. Parenting: Science and Practice, 2017.

  3. Rutherford, HJV, Maupin, AN, Landi, N, Potenza, MN, & Mayes, LC. Parental reflective functioning and the neural correlates of processing infant affective cues. Social Neuroscience, 2017.

  4. Rutherford HJV & Joormann J. The role of attentional bias in prenatal and postpartum depression. Women’s Health Research, 1(1):1-0, 2017.

  5. Rutherford HJV & Mayes LC. Parenting and addiction: Neurobiological insights. Current Opinion in Psychology, 2017.

  6. Rutherford, HJV, Guo, XM, Graber, KM, Hayes, NJ, Pelphrey, KA, & Mayes, LC. Intranasal oxytocin and the neural correlates of infant face processing in non-parent women. Biological Psychology, 2017.



  1. Ferrey, AE, Santascoy, NA, McCrory, EJ, Thompson-Booth, C, Mayes, LC, & Rutherford, HJV. Motivated attention and reward in parenting. Parenting: Science and Practice, 2016.

  2. Rutherford, HJV, Graber, KM, & Mayes, LC. Depression symptomatology and the neural correlates of infant face and cry perception during pregnancy. Social Neuroscience, 11(4), 467-474, 2016.

  3. Rutherford, HJV, Booth, CR, Crowley, MJ, & Mayes, LC. Investigating the relationship between working memory and emotion regulation in mothers. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 28(1), 52-59, 2016.



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